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What Types of Treatment Do Children with ADHD Receive?

Updated: Oct 31, 2018

The Journal of Pediatrics published a study that looks at the different types of treatment received by U.S. children, aged 4-17 years, diagnosed with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Experts recommend using both medicine and behavior therapy for children over 6 years of age and using behavior therapy as the first line of treatment for children under 6 years of age. CDC researchers found the most common treatment for ADHD is medicine, and the majority of children have not received any type of behavior therapy.

This study is relevant for healthcare providers and public health professionals so that they can understand possible gaps in treatments that families may experience. You can read a scientific summary of the study here.


Main Findings from the Study

Information from parents about their child’s previous and current treatment for ADHD showed the following:

  • 9 out of 10 children with ADHD received medicine for ADHD at some point in their lives.

  • Just under 9 out of 10 children with ADHD received school support at some point in their lives, which includes school accommodations and help in the classroom.

  • 6 out of 10 children with ADHD received some type of psychosocial treatment at some point in their lives:

  • 3 out of 10 received parent-delivered behavior therapy, which is the type of behavior therapy recommended for children up to age 12.

  • 4 out of 10 received social skills training.

  • 3 out of 10 received peer interventions.

  • 2 out of 10 received cognitive behavioral therapy, a type of therapy that focuses on changing a child’s thoughts and emotions that can affect behavior in negative ways.

  • Parents also reported on alternative treatments for children with ADHD:

  • About 1 out of 10 received neurofeedback.

  • About 2 out of 10 had taken dietary supplements.

  • Overall, about 7 of 10 children had received at least two of the three main treatments: medicine, school support, or some type of psychosocial treatment; less than 1 in 10 (7%) had received none of these.

Proportion of children with ADHD who received different types of treatments


About the Study

The study used data from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome, which was a follow-back telephone survey of parents whose children were identified to have ADHD in the 2011-12 National Survey of Children’s Health. In this follow-back survey, parents answered detailed questions about the different types of treatment their child previously and currently received.

CDC’s National Center on Birth Defects and Development Disabilities (NCBDDD) and National Center for Health Statistics sponsored this survey.


Key Findings Reference

Danielson ML, Visser SN, Chronis-Tuscano A, DuPaul GJ. A national description of treatment among U.S. children and adolescents with ADHD. Journal of Pediatrics. Published online before print, November 10, 2017.  [read summary]

More information

All information found from the CDC's blog post here >

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